Tag Archives: does my horse need shoes

to shoe or not to shoe?

 

There are a few factors that you should take into account when determining the hoof care needs of and individual.  Ask yourself:

What are you going to do with this horse? 

A lot of times the answer is not much. If the horse is going to be used lightly on easy footing like sand or grass, the horse may be fine shoeless. On the other hand, if your plans include extensive trail riding or the footing you have is abrasive, I would recommend having some hoof protection.

Competition horses benefit from horseshoes because of the increased traction can give an edge to the horse. In horse racing, shoeing choices are made known so the bettors will have more information to base their wagering decisions on.

People who show or ride their horses away from home may need shoes as the venues may have unpredictable footing.

shoes can give horses extra traction
adding studs shoes can give horses extra traction
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high performance shoes can make the difference in speed events

 

lightweight race shoe
lightweight “queens plate” with no toe grab for flat racing , notice how the frog takes up a third of the area. A big healthy frog indicates good circulation and fuction of the foot

 

What is the quality of the horn?

The hoof wall is made of horn. The horn can be thought of as lots of tiny “straws” starting at the top of the hoof and growing towards the ground. Horses with horn that grows pretty much straight, without flaring (“platter foot”) or bending at the heels (“crushed heels”) are candidates for barefoot.

This is not a static state either, once hoof imbalances are addressed and a new growth pattern is established by a few cycles of timely shoeing  the barefoot option may be asked again. A goal of mine when shoeing any horse is bringing the foot to equilibrium with or without shoes.

Horses of all breeds can be successfully kept barefoot but ponies, gaited horses, drafts, appaloosas, paint and mixed breed horses usually have inherently good hoof quality.

plz pass the biotin, I need some shoes!
plz pass the biotin says this “well bred” QH broodmare, I need some shoes!
rock crushing appy feet
rock crushing appy feet , the stripping in this foot shoe that the horn tubules are growing  uniformly

Is growth exceeding wear?

If the horse grows two nipper round of hoof in four weeks, it may not get them nailed back on. The hoof is excellent and gives excellent traction on a variety of surfaces. A horse like this may be able to perform at high levels without shoes.

hmm, wear exceeding growth...not today!
hmm, wear exceeding growth…not today!

 

Does the horse have a condition that the shoes help alleviate? 

Therapeutic horseshoes can be of great value to the unsound animal. Veterinarians will recommend shoeing protocols designed to help the limb function more normally. Wedge heels can decrease pull from certain tendons, leather pads can protect a thin-soled foot and modifications to a basic shoe will help ease breakover (the phase of stride where the foot rolls off the ground). Good horseshoeing can enhance performance.

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injured sole will love a shoe and pad to protect it

 

pad to protect sole
pad to protect sole

Some horses will transition without missing a beat when taken out of shoes, some will require a little time to get used to it especially while the old nail holes grow down. Most performance horses need shoes because of the demands upon them.

I recommend evaluating your current situation and discussing the options with your farrier or hoofcare provider.

strong and straight horn growth  and a concave sole are an effect of good genetics and regular hoof care.
strong and straight horn growth and a concave sole are an effect of good genetics and regular hoof care.