What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a medical condition characterized by the progressive loss of bone density & deterioration of bone tissue, leading to increased bone fragility & risk of fractures. 

It commonly affects older adults, particularly women after menopause, but it can also occur in younger people as well.

The condition develops over time as bones lose calcium & other minerals, making them weaker & more prone to breaking. 

Osteoporosis often goes undetected until a bone fracture occurs, typically in the spine, hip, or wrist.

Risk factors for osteoporosis include age, genetics, hormonal imbalances (e.g., low levels of estrogen or testosterone), low calcium & vitamin D intake, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, medications.

 Prevention & treatment of osteoporosis involve lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet rich in calcium & vitamin D, avoiding smoking & excessive alcohol consumption.

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